Volume 9

The Hatch Act: Should It Be Repealed or Reformed? Webster, John and Kasle, Jeffrey.

Examines the efficacy of the 1939 Hatch Act's prohibition on government workers' involvement in partisan political activities. The act had originally been passed to protect federal workers from coercion by their superiors and to insure a politically neutral civil service. The issue came to the fore again last October when U.S. Representative William Clay (D-MO) introduced a bill, H.R. 3400, that would allow federal workers to run for office as well as work on political campaigns. Thus, once again the question of whether to repeal or reform the act has been raised.

The authors argue that, whereas the original conditions and reasons which prompted passage of the act have not changed over the last fifty years, there is little reason for repealing it. On the contrary, they maintain that its aegis should be broadened to incorporate the activities of public sector unions.

Collective Bargaining in Michigan Counties: A Survey of Managerial Approaches. Harper, Earl.

The authors of Collective Bargaining in Michigan Counties: A Survey of Managerial Approachesconcentrated their study on the specific question of how county managers prepare for contract negotiations. Their precise interest was to gather data on how the internal organization of public management operates at the county level.

Collective Bargaining: The Unionization and Decentralization of Illinois Counties. Wilson, Thomas D. and Elder, Ann H

The authors of Collective Bargaining: The Unionization and Decentralization of Illinois Counties, attempt to assess the impact that the state's 1983 statute, forcing local governments to recognize public employee unions, has had on county executives' managerial control and its effect on the flexability of their decision making process. One of the conclusions that they reached was that, although Illinois counties exhibited varying degrees of vulnerablility to unionization, those encompassing metropolitan areas or under Democratic control were the most susceptible to union organizers.

The Varieties of Right-to- Work: An Essay in Honor of W.H. Hutt. Baird, Charles W

The natural right of an individual to seek employment without being compelled to join a union should be anintegral aspect of every worker's democratic liberty. However, the precise definition of the right-to-work concept can mean one thing to a free market economist and quite another to a union leader. Dr. Charles Baird examines that doctrine in light of the philosphical views of the noted economist W. H. Hutt. The author also extends his essay to discuss Hutt's related views on the right to strike.

Public Sector Unionism: The Rising Power Center of Organized Labor. Troy, Leo.

President Kennedy's 1962 Executive Order 10988, facilitating union organizing and collective bargaining in the federal government, spawned imitative policies on the state and local levels which have assisted the growth of public sector unionism. Their immediate result was to blur the distinction between private and public sector unions as the "convergence" of the two systems precipitated a shift of union power in the latter's direction. This shift in balance has continued as membership in private sector unions has declined because of structural changes in the labor market, a phenomenon reflected in Canada and Western Europe.

It is the political significance of this changing axis in the labor movement that is the central theme of Dr. Leo Troy's article, Public Sector Unionism: The Rising Power Center of Organized Labor. If the experience of unionism in other developed nations is any gauge of the future, Dr. Troy postulates that as public sector unions gain in strength their philosophical interests will have a greater impact on the American economy.

Unlike private sector unionists who understand the need for a free market economy, public sector unionists tend to align themselves with what Dr. Troy describes as the "new collectivism" which advocates the socialization of income. Unlike the traditional collectivist goal, which sought to control the means of production, the danger of this revisionist approach is that it requires the social engineering of society to achieve its goals. The only bulwark against it, as the experience of Great Britain indicates, is an emphasis on privatization and the return of state-owned properties and their work forces to the private sector.

Concessionary Bargaining in Education Crisci and Shaddow, Pat E. and Michael C. - Fall 1988;

In Concessionary Bargaining in Education, Drs. Crisci and Shaddow examine the extent to which Ohio school districts have bargained away managerial authority and how some have sought to regain control. Their's is the first researched-based study of management rights concessionary bargaining in the public school system.

Merit Pay and the Fairfax County Plan Geisert, Gene.

Investigates the pay-for-performance concept as it has been applied to the teaching profession. Following a discussion of the controversy surrounding the concept and union backed alternatives, Dr. Gene Geisert takes a look at the nation's most comprehensive merit pay plan in Farifax County, Virginia.
The Fairfax plan was instituted less than two years ago and its historic endeavors have attracted the attention of Ronald Reagan. Being in its infancy, information about the plan and its effectiveness is still scarce. However, in preparing for his article, Dr. Geisert was able to interview Fairfax County School Superintendent Dr. Robert Spillane, creator of this merit pay plan, and provide Review readers with an inside look at its progress.

Efficiency Issues in Educational Contracting Lieberman, Myron

If there is one area where the potential for privatization has failed to explore, it is in the field of public education. Even though school districts may contract out for support services, they rarely consider doing the same for teaching staffs. Dr. Myron Lieberman offers a pragmatic and frank discussion in this overlooked option. Topics addressed include: the cost /benefit of such an approach, the dangerous time bomb of unfunded pension costs, overcoming union opposition to contracting out and the role of management in the process. It is must reading for school administrators and contains material that will appear in his upcoming book on privatizing the nation's public schools.