Volume 16

Political Participation, Public Sector Labor Unions and Public Spending Orzechowski and Marlow, William and Michael,

The question is often raised: is there a relationship between the size of state and local government budgets and the degree to which they are unionized? Over the ten-year period between 1980 and 1990, spending by state and local governments increased by 125 percent. In Political Participation, Public Sector Labor Unions and Public Spending, two economists assess the impact of unions representing government workers on the cost of governments.

Earlier studies had proved the reasonable hypothesis that public employees had a vested interest in increasing the size of government. It had also been shown that public sector employees tend, for a number of reasons, to become more involved in politics than their private sector counterparts. Through the use of case studies, the authors of this study focus on the relative abilities of unions in the public sector to influence government budgets.

Seeking a New Foundation Chappell, Milton

In this edition of the Government Union Review, we are verypleased to present a very thorough examination of the legislative and legal environment in which unionism in public education operates.

This topic is of great importance to future developments in public education because this environment has a substantial impact on the development and growth of independent teacher organizations. These independent teacher organizations are being established and are prospering in many areas of the country. They are reaching out to the teachers who reject the adversarial and confrontational industrial style unionism model followed by the National Education Association and American Federation of Teachers.

The growth of independent teacher organizations as alternatives to teacher unions has been building for quite some time. Only in the last several years, however, have these organizations become large enough to pose a threat to union hegemony in public education.

We hope that this edition will be of assistance to public policy makers as they examine the environment of not just unionism in public education, but other questions about public employer-employee relations which have such a profound impact on the quality of public education.

In addition, we hope that this information will be of value to public school teachers questioning the role of unions in their employment relations who, in seeking alternatives, need a better understanding of the legal environment in which they are operating.

The Positive Influence of Total Quality Management on Education Staff Appraisal March, Judith K. and Peters, Karen H.

Presents a discussion of an administrative model for reforming America's educational system. The Total Quality Management model promotes a collaberative dialogue between school administrators and classroom teachers that improve education for the system's most important clients, its students.

Ending Teacher Union Veto Over State Education Policy Lieberman, Myron.

Dr. Myron Lieberman argues that it is now feasible to end the unions' policy domination within a few years and without having to resort to repeal of state bargaining statutes. This could be accomplished by reducing union revenues, eliminating taxpayer subsidies of teacher unions and empowering rank-and-file union members.