The Permissable Use of Forced Union Dues from Hanson to Beck Baird, Charles W.

In the 1950's nonunion workers began seeking legal redress to forced union membership and the use of their agency shop fees to advance the political causes they opposed. A significant number of U.S. Supreme Court rulings have resulted and are the subject of "The Permissable Use of Forced Union Dues From Hanson to Beck", by Dr. Charles Baird. The author provides a discussion of the initial federal and state statutes regulating unionism and carries it through to the 1986 Hudson and 1988 Beck decisions that finally required unions to return that portion of nonmember's dues that did not go directly towards the collective bargaining process.