Public and private sector labor relations in Bermuda and the island's high per capita income are effected by one reality, tourism. This linkage has steadily drawn the government into the resolution of labor disputes in the hotel industry, the key tourist business, transforming labor relations from one of direct negotiations into a "public utility" model. The government's patchwork, union-appeasement policies has provided Dr. Leo Troy with the miasmic metaphor for the title of his article, The Bermuda Quagmire: A Public Utility System of Labor Relations.
Dr. Troy suggests that an alternative to Bermuda's public utility model is an active and positive management policy that takes the initiative in bargaining. Corollaries to a new managerial policy are public policies to provide for the decertification of unneeded unions and procedures to ensure secret balloting in the election of union officers and in membership voting on new collective bargaining agreements.